Drinking water Softeners: The Ins in addition to Outs regarding Water Softening

if you’ve noticed a build up of scum on your shower doors or even dishwasher, or even in case you feel your home’s shower isn’t leaving you as clean as it previously did, you could have an issue with hard water.

One of the best ways to lessen the issue is to have a water softener installed to treat the water of yours. On this page, we will go over the details of water softeners, why hard water is not good for the home of yours and the difference between water softening and water conditioning.

The problem with water which is hard

Water that is hard would be the result of way too many metals or perhaps minerals – calcium, magnesium and the like – in your water. These metals are acquired by the groundwater through the dissolution of surrounding rock and soil. Water hardness is calculated by grains per gallon (GPG) or even milligrams per liter (mg/L). Industry standards define a grain as 64.8 milligrams of calcium carbonate, and if tests show your water is at one GPG or even less, then you have soft water, with hard water being defined at approximately 7 10.5 GPG.

Hard water causes dissolved calcium and magnesium precipitate (scale) to accumulate inside pipes, industrial machines, water heaters, etc. The scale lessens heat and water flow conduction, as well as can entirely clog pipes. Another negative effect of hard water is it reduces soap’s lathering capabilities, and will react with soap to form a sticky, scum-like substance.

How the process works


If the home of yours or perhaps business is plagued with water which is hard, one of the greatest techniques to do away with it’s to experience a water softener installed. The appliance runs on the convention that calcium and magnesium ions will switch places with ions that result in softer water (i.e. sodium, etc.). The amount of sodium added to the drinking water of yours is minimal and well below FDA standards.

The ion replacement procedure is done within a tank filled with resin or zeolite (small polystyrene beads). The beads contain a negative charge, which bonds with the sodium ions, as they’ve a positive charge. Water moves by the beads, and the sodium ions switch with the calcium and magnesium ions.

Although the plastic beads “do all the work,” it is important salt is in the softener. The reason is the fact that calcium and magnesium replace sodium in the beads, and once this happens, the appliance will no longer be able to soften water. The answer to this issue is designed for the water softener to enter a regeneration cycle to soak the beads in sodium chloride (the water softening salt), and the sodium will result in the magnesium and calcium to give way, and the beads will be recharged with sodium. The regeneration process will result in a number of salt water (approximately 25 gallons).

Softening or even conditioning?

Many use the terms “water softeners” and “water conditioners” interchangeably, but there are extremely big differences and uses between the 2 appliances.

Water conditioners remove sediment, chlorine, chemicals and other foreign materials while treating water hardness, and a water softener doesn’t treat water for anything aside from hardness. Both appliances are able to treating water hardness, but the end result from each will feel different.

A water conditioner processes water through a device that prevents scale and produces a slight drop in pressure, and this causes the hardness minerals to be kept in a state of suspension for three days. The water moves through a catalyst which enhances the process, through the magnetic field which in turn forces the 72-hour suspension then through a KDF, which displaces chlorine, bad tastes and metals, and blocks bacteria growth.
salt based vs salt free water softeners

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